Medical Billing and Coding Salary (2023 Edition)

Are you considering a career in the healthcare industry? With the growing demand for skilled professionals, medical billing and coding positions are becoming increasingly attractive. In this blog post, we will delve into the medical billing and coding salary, exploring factors that influence their earnings. Join us as we uncover the roles of medical billers and coders, the impact of experience, certification, education, and location on their income, and the future outlook of this profession.

Key Takeaways

  • Medical billing and coding professionals are essential to healthcare providers, translating medical information into standardized codes for accurate reimbursement.
  • Experience in the field, certification, higher education levels and location can significantly impact salaries.
  • The future outlook is positive with job opportunities on the rise & a projected growth rate of 7-8% from 2021 to 2031.

Understanding Medical Billing and Coding

Medical billing and coding professionals, who are also considered medical professionals, play a vital role in the healthcare industry, ensuring the accurate processing of medical claims and efficient revenue cycle management. These experts possess specialized knowledge in medical terminology, coding systems, and health insurance policies, making them indispensable to healthcare providers.

Medical billers and coders work closely together, but their duties are distinct. Medical billers are responsible for submitting claims to insurance companies and ensuring appropriate reimbursement for healthcare services. On the other hand, medical coders translate medical procedures, diagnoses, and treatments into standardized alphanumeric codes for billing purposes. Obtaining a medical coding certification can enhance their career prospects and salary potential.

The Role of Medical Billers

The responsibilities of medical billers include:

  • Submitting claims to insurance companies

  • Ensuring accurate reimbursement for healthcare services

  • Following up on unpaid claims

  • Handling billing disputes

  • Communicating with patients and insurance providers to resolve issues

The financial stability of healthcare providers heavily relies on the work of medical billers.

Medical billers stand to benefit from certification, as it proves their proficiency to medical providers, potentially leading to a rise in pay and career advancement. Typically, medical billers begin their careers in a medical office setting and then advance to larger healthcare systems or hospitals, where they can apply their skills in coding medical billing.

The Role of Medical Coders

Acting as a bridge, medical coders connect healthcare providers and insurance companies. They are responsible for:

  • Translating medical procedures, diagnoses, and treatments into standardized codes for billing purposes

  • Communicating medical information between healthcare providers, insurance companies, and other stakeholders

  • Ensuring accurate billing and proper reimbursement

These codes are essential for efficient and effective healthcare administration.

Medical coders must possess strong attention to detail, analytical skills, and an in-depth understanding of medical terminology and coding systems. While prior experience in the medical field is beneficial, it is not essential for a career in medical coding. Ongoing education is crucial in this field, as it keeps professionals up-to-date with industry changes and enhances their value in the job market.

Medical Billing and Coding Salary Factors

A variety of factors can influence medical billing and coding salaries, including:

  • Experience

  • Certification

  • Education

  • Location

Experience is typically the most effective way to increase salary in any field. As professionals gain more experience in medical billing and coding, they tend to see a rise in their earning potential.

Certification also plays a crucial role in salary potential, with certified professionals earning higher salaries than those who are not certified. In addition to experience and certification, higher education levels can lead to increased earnings. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical records specialists working for insurance carriers have the highest average annual wage at $64,170.

Impact of Experience on Salary

The influence of experience on coding salary is notable, as professionals in medical billing and coding usually see a rise in their earnings with the accumulation of field experience. In general, the average salary increase percentage per year of experience in medical billing and coding is approximately 5% for every five years of additional experience.

The salary difference between beginners and experienced professionals can be substantial. Certified coders, on average, make 27% more than non-certified coders, with an average salary of $60,097 per year. Medical coders and billers with even one year of experience can earn an average of $45,456 per year.

Importance of Certification

The potential salary of medical billing and coding professionals is significantly influenced by certification. Certified coders earn an average yearly salary of $60,097, which is 27% higher than the $47,200 earned by non-certified coders. Obtaining certifications not only boosts earning potential but also demonstrates expertise to medical providers and enhances career growth opportunities.

There are several advanced certifications available in medical billing and coding, including the Certified Billing and Coding Specialist (CBCS), Certified Coding Associate (CCA), Certified Professional Coder (CPC), Certified Coding Specialist (CCS), and certified medical coder. Pursuing advanced credentialing can provide employers with assurance of an individual’s proficiency and expertise and enhance career prospects.

Education’s Influence on Earnings

For medical billing and coding professionals, attaining higher levels of education may translate into higher earnings, with a correlation observed between advanced degrees and increased salaries. Medical records specialists with some college or an associate degree typically earn an average of $26.84 per hour, representing a 2.7 percent increase compared to those without college education. Those with a master’s degree can expect to earn an average of 10 percent more than those without postsecondary education.

Having an educational background in a relevant field can enhance your prospects of being noticed when applying for medical billing and coding jobs. On average, a college education in medical coding or billing can provide an increase of approximately 2.73% to one’s annual salary.

Location and Salary Variations

Geographical location plays a role in the variation of salaries among medical billing and coding professionals, with certain states and cities providing higher remuneration than others. In fact, incomes for medical coders have been observed to vary significantly by location, with some states experiencing decreases in income and others reporting increases. The states of Vermont, Iowa, and Idaho saw the greatest increases in 2022.

The cost of living is an important factor to consider when evaluating salaries across different states. Generally, areas with a higher cost of living tend to offer higher salaries to make up for the increased expenses. Conversely, areas with a lower cost of living may offer lower salaries.

Geographical location and cost of living are factors that can influence pay rates within the medical billing and coding field.

Medical Records Specialists Salary by State

We’ve assembled a list of average salaries by state to illustrate the variation in medical billing and coding salaries across the United States. These figures showcase the variations in earnings and can help professionals make informed decisions about where to pursue their careers.

StateMedian SalaryBottom 10%Top 10%
National Median$47,180$31,710$75,460
District of Columbia$62,140$43,950$95,790
New Hampshire$44,680$31,640$63,310
New Jersey$64,760$40,320$100,310
New Mexico$45,100$31,330$64,400
New York$49,390$36,240$81,120
North Carolina$45,200$30,700$65,350
North Dakota$46,800$35,980$61,560
Rhode Island$49,310$36,900$72,140
South Carolina$50,640$31,010$75,840
South Dakota$47,330$32,160$68,770
West Virginia$38,610$27,960$62,000
Information provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) for the year 2022, including median salary and job growth projections until 2032. It’s important to note that actual salaries can vary significantly based on factors such as geographical location, educational attainment, professional experience, workplace conditions, and other individual considerations. Additionally, individuals who are self-employed or work part-time may experience even greater salary variations.

Top Paying States for Medical Billing and Coding Professionals

New Jersey, Massachusetts, California, and Connecticut are among the top-paying states for medical billing and coding professionals. In New Jersey, for instance, the average salary for medical billers and coders is $67,130 per year.

  1. District of Columbia (D.C.): Medical billing and coding professionals in the nation’s capital typically enjoy some of the highest salaries in the field due to the higher cost of living.

  2. Alaska: The demand for healthcare services in Alaska, combined with its unique economic factors, often leads to competitive salaries for medical billing and coding specialists.

  3. Massachusetts: The state’s strong healthcare sector and high cost of living contribute to higher salaries for these professionals.

  4. Hawaii: The healthcare industry in Hawaii consistently requires medical billing and coding experts, leading to attractive compensation packages.

  5. Washington: The state of Washington offers competitive salaries to medical billing and coding specialists due to its robust healthcare sector.

  6. New Jersey: With a strong healthcare industry and proximity to major metropolitan areas, medical billing and coding professionals in New Jersey can earn attractive salaries.

  7. Connecticut: High demand for healthcare services contributes to competitive compensation for these professionals in Connecticut.

  8. California: California offers a favorable job market for medical billing and coding specialists, particularly in urban areas.

  9. New York: While the cost of living in New York is high, the state’s thriving healthcare sector provides substantial income opportunities for these professionals.

  10. Rhode Island: Medical billing and coding specialists in Rhode Island often earn above-average salaries.

When considering these salary figures, it is important to take into account the cost of living in each state. Higher salaries in states with a higher cost of living may be necessary to maintain the same standard of living as in states with lower salaries and a lower cost of living.

Highest Paying Healthcare Facilities

Larger healthcare facilities and insurance carriers tend to offer higher salaries for medical billing and coding professionals compared to smaller practices. Some healthcare facilities that offer the most competitive compensation for medical billing and coding professionals include:

  • Reimbursement Consultant

  • Reimbursement Analyst

  • Coding Manager

  • Hospital Coder

  • Coding and Reimbursement Specialist

The average salary for medical billing professionals is $35,246 per year, while medical coding specialists earn an average of $54,789 per year. Those in possession of three or more AAPC credentials can boast of a very tidy income. The average annual salary for such individuals is an impressive $71,361. Salaries may vary based on factors such as location, experience, and certifications.

Career Advancement Opportunities in Medical Billing and Coding

A plethora of opportunities for career advancement exist for medical billing and coding professionals. Obtaining advanced certifications and specializing in specific areas of the field can lead to higher salaries, increased job security, and access to more specialized roles.

Some advanced certifications available in medical billing and coding include:

  • Certified Billing and Coding Specialist (CBCS)

  • Certified Coding Associate (CCA)

  • Certified Professional Biller (CPB)

  • Certified Professional Coder (CPC)

  • Certified Outpatient Coder (COC)

  • Certified Inpatient Coder (CIC)

These certifications demonstrate a high level of expertise and knowledge in the field and can open doors to advanced positions such as billing manager or coding specialist.

Remote Work Opportunities for Medical Billers and Coders

An upward trend in remote work is noticeable in the medical billing and coding field, as an increasing number of professionals choose to work from home, either on a full-time or part-time basis. This growing trend offers numerous benefits, including cost savings on commuting, attire, and meals, as well as a better work-life balance due to decreased commute times.

It may take time and experience for a medical coder to acquire the capability to work remotely, should their employer offer such an option. As the demand for medical billing and coding professionals continues to grow, it is expected that more remote work opportunities will become available in the future.

Steps to Becoming a Medical Biller or Coder

For individuals aspiring to become medical billers or coders, the initial step is acquiring the requisite education. This typically involves completing a career diploma or certificate program in medical billing and coding, which can be completed in a little more than a year. A formal education in the field is required for entry-level positions and can be completed both online or in person.

After obtaining the necessary education, aspiring medical billers and coders should pursue certification, such as the Certified Billing and Coding Specialist (CBCS), Certified Coding Associate (CCA), or Certified Professional Coder (CPC). Gaining experience in the field is also essential for career growth and success.

The Future Outlook for Medical Billing and Coding Professionals

The future prospects for medical billing and coding professionals appear promising, especially given the escalating demand for proficient professionals within the healthcare sector. Medical Records Technician is ranked as the fourth best health care support job for 2023, and the projected growth rate for medical billing and coding professions is estimated to be between 7-8% from 2021 to 2031.

The demand for medical billing and coding professionals has been steadily increasing over the past five years, with an increase in job opportunities and salaries. This trend is anticipated to continue in the foreseeable future, making medical billing and coding an attractive career choice for those seeking a rewarding and stable profession in the healthcare industry.


In conclusion, medical billing and coding professionals play an essential role in the healthcare industry, ensuring accurate billing and efficient revenue cycle management. With factors such as experience, certification, education, and location influencing their salaries, those considering this career path can take steps to maximize their earning potential. As the demand for skilled professionals in this field continues to grow, the future outlook for medical billing and coding professionals remains promising, making it an excellent choice for those seeking a rewarding and stable career.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is medical billing and coding worth it?

Medical billing and coding is an in-demand career with excellent job opportunities and a positive outlook. The median salary of $46,660 per year is solid, and the growth rate of 7% between 2021 and 2031 is impressive. Therefore, medical billing and coding is worth it.

Is becoming a medical billing and coding hard?

Becoming a medical billing and coder is not easy, as it requires considerable education, training, and strong communication and memorization skills. You will need to be detail-oriented and have an aptitude for technical information. However, with the right training and experience, you can become a skilled medical biller and coder.

Is medical coding stressful?

Medical coding can be a stressful job due to its accuracy standards, tight deadlines and/or quotas, and resulting pressure. It can cause physical and mental strain as well as take a toll on one’s personal relationships.

How do I become a Medical Coder in Arkansas?

To become a medical coder in Arkansas, you should take an AAPC-approved course at one of the 6 classroom locations or online. Additionally, it is recommended to get a certificate or an associate degree and complete a certification exam. Lastly, you should understand HIPAA requirements.

What Medical Coder gets paid most?

Certified Risk Adjustment Coder (CRC®) is the highest paying Medical Coding Certification, with an average salary of $65,000.